Iraq - To Live to See a Better Day

Modern Iraq (roughly), known as Mesopotamia, is considered the cradle of civilization.

It was the center of the ancient Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian civilizations and later came under Greek and Persian rule. The Ottoman Turks controlled Mesopotamia for four centuries, until the First World War, when it fell to the British Empire. Modern-day Iraq emerged in the 1920s after the British withdrew after installing a Hashemite monarchy.

The pro-Western monarchy was overthrown in 1958 in a violent revolution led by nationalist Iraqi army officers. Ten years later the pan-Arab Baath party came to power in another coup, leading to the long dictatorship of Saddam Hussein. In 1991, after Saddam invaded Kuwait, an American-led coalition defeated the Iraqi army in the short-lived first Gulf War, but Saddam was allowed to remain in power.

For twelve years, Iraq languished under UN-imposed sanctions, until, in 2003, President George W Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair launched a new war, and toppled Saddam from power. Since 2003, the American and British-led occupation of Iraq has faced fierce resistance by Iraqi guerrillas and foreign Islamist terrorists who see Iraq as a key battleground for the global "jihad". A nearly 3100 American and foreign soldiers, and at least 61,000 Iraqi civilians have died in the violence.

back to porfolio back to Iraq portfolio